Adi Buddha – Samantabhadra
The Adi (“primordial”) Buddha Samantabhadra is placed in the central circle in union with his consort Samantabhadri. He is deep blue in colour, symbolizing the sky or the mind; Samanatabhadri is white in colour symbolizing the aspect of clarity of our mind. The male and female of Adi Buddha in union depict the unity of emptiness and cognizance. Samantabhadri is totally nude and without ornaments symbolizing that she is free from all thoughts constraints. It means that Dharmakaya can be realized only when we are free from thought constructs (vikalpa) and one perceives the empty nature of mind directly.

It is said that Shakyamuni Buddha took the form of vajradhara while he was teaching the tantric path to his gifted disciples. He is depicted holding a vajra in his right hand a bell in his left hand. He is usually depicted blue in colour indicating the profound and boundless nature of his Boddhicitta; his two hands are in embracing mudra to show that he has mastered the union of method and wisdom path leading to the perfect enlignment of Buddha hood.

Buddha Amitabha
Buddha Amitabha is shown seated in a meditative position; hence his mudra is called ‘dhyanamudra’. His two palms are joined together with the right on the left, two thumb fingers touching each other. An alms bowl in between his two palms. Here the hand gesture, representing meditative equipoise, represents the wisdom and compassion. His color is red, symbolizing the fires of dires. When a Bodhisattva understands the discriminative wisdom of Amitabha Buddha he can use even the fires of desire on the path to enlightenment. His symbol is a lotus, representing purity.

His body is yellowish and appears very young and handsome, befitting his title, Manjushree “in the form of a youth”. He is richly decorated with the six fold ornaments symbolizing his perfection of the six paramitas. He is regarded as having supreme wisdom among bodhisattvas. He is also called prince of the Dharma because of his eloquent wisdom.
According to the text of Swayambhu purana, he is said to have cut the George of Chobhar hill with his flaming sword Chandrahasa and let the water flow out and thereby opened the valley for human habitation to allow for the propagation of the Buddha dharma.

White Tara                      
White Tara is seen seated on a lotus throne. Her body is white and she is seated in the vajra posture. Her left hand, which is placed on her heart, holds the stem of blossoming lotus besides her left shoulder. Her right hand is in varadramudra, symbolizing her supreme generosity. She has seven eyes, two in the palm of her hands, two in the soles of her feet, one in her forehead. She is also called Saptalocana Tara (Tara of seven eyes).
The practice of White Tara is basically performed in the order to prolonged life as well as for healing purpose. The recitation of her Mantra merely a hundred thousand times with the motivation of Bodhicitta will cause aversion of hindrances.

Guru, padmasambhava popularly known as guru Rinpoche, the precious teacher was a powerful Tantric Buddhist Master. He was invited to Tibet in the eight century to propagate Buddhism. With his miraculous powers, he taught many disciples who also became perfect masters of Tantric Buddhism. Guru Rinpoches body is golden in color. His complexion is white with a pinkish hue. He is flanked by two of his consorts, Indian Princess Mandarana and Yeshe tsagyel on two lotus thrones.  

Green Tara
She is seated on the lotus throne in a lalita (playful) posture. She is a beautiful young maiden. She has one face and two hands. Her right hand is shown with her hands in the varadramudra because she is quick to respond to the petitions of those who seek her aid. She is holding the stem of lotus flowers on both of her hands. She wears six kinds of ornaments including necklace, earrings, bracelets, and so forth symbolizing her perfection of the six paramitas. Her left hand makes the refuge gesture by pressing the thumb and ring fingers together, symbolizing the unity of wisdom and compassion; the other three fingers denote the triple jewels, namely, the Buddha, the Dharma, And the Sangha. She is holding utapala flowers, symbolizing her purity. Her color is green because of her Bodhisattva activity is swift like the wind element. Green Tara is often known as the great liberator who rescues the beings from eight great fears aroused by elephants, lions, snakes, robbers, fires, water, demons and the government.  She is probably the form of Tara incarnate in Wencheng the then princess of China.

Born in Tibet in the fourteenth century, he was the great reformer of Tibetan Buddhism. He is also known as Je Rinpoche. Tsong Khapa emphasized the value of discipline in monasticism and the value of academic pursuits and meditation practice.

Maitreya Buddha
He is yellow. He is seated on a jewel throne. He is shown in the Buddha Posture, and has hands on his heart, make the Dharmacakra mudra. He holds the stem of stems of two lotuses, one bearing a wheel and a vase. Maitreya Buddha is regarded as the Buddha who will be born in the future. It is said that his birth will take place in the city of Kelimuti ruled by the Cakravartin King Sankha. At that time human beings will have live for 80000 years. It is said that Shakyamuni Buddha, before leaving Tushita heaven, announced that Maitreya would be his successor.

Dharmaraja Yama
Yama sometimes called the king of death. He rides on a buffalo. His right hand hold a staff with a skull of human head and his left hand holds a tarjani pasa. Yama is also responsible for ruling over all the preta realms. The king of death governs hell as well as ghost realms together with his sister. According to some legend, it is said that he was originally a king of Vaisali. At one time he happened to be engaged in a bloody war. He wished he were the master of hell and was accordingly reborn as Yama in hell together with his generals and army.

The deity kalacakra has four faces and two legs. His front face is blue with bare fongs symbolizing anger, his right face is red embodying attachment, his left face is white symbolizing peaceful state and his rear is yellow symbolizing calm abiding. He wears a tiger skin. Of his 24 arms, 12 arms are on each side. The first four arms are black, the middle red and the last four arms are white. Kalacakra has only two legs; the right one is red and left one is white symbolizing right energy containing blood and left energy channel containing white bodhichitta. The kalacakra is trampling with his right leg terrified red deity Kamadeva, the deity of passion, who is four armed, wielding a trident, damaru, skull and a khatvang

Mahakala’s dwarf body is dark blue in color to symbolize his changeless dharmakaya nature. He looks wrathful and is bedecked with serpents. He wears a garland of severed heads and a crown of five skulls, represents five paising of delusions namely lust, hatred, ignorance, pride, and jealousy transformed into the five Buddha’s. He wears a tiger skin symbolizing the purification of desires. He looks ferocious against the background of blazing fire. He is the defender of law.

Mandala, a circle which is a device for the tantric meditation. It is a visual aid for the concentration intro-vertive meditation leading to the attainment of insights and activation of forces culminating in “Siddhi” supernatural forces. There are many types and varieties of Mandalas depending on the nature of the central deity. The Mandala represents the “Palace of Purity” a magic sphere cleared of spiritual obstacles and unpurified. The square of the “sacred palace” proper is end used in multiple circles of flame, vajra, eight centuries (appears only in wrathful deities) lotus, then the inner square to reach of the deity of the Mandala.

Medicine Buddha
He is also called the healing Buddha. He is said to dispense spiritual medicine when properly worshiped. It is believed that an afficiocious are may be accomplished by merely touching the image. Usually holds the medicine bowl, while the right hand in charity mudra holds either a branch with fruit or the fruit alone of the Myrabalan.

Kurukulla is especially worshiped by the unhappy lovers. She is considered the goddess of wealth. She is believed to be successful in bewitching men, women, ministers, and the kings. “OM KURUKULLA HUM HRIM SVAHA” is the mantra when muttered ten thousand times is said to be fulfilled of everyone desires.

Adi Buddha
AdiBuddha is the original Buddha who is without the beginning and without end. He is said to be infinite, self created and revealing himself in the form of a blue flame coming out of a lotus. In Nepal, Swayambhunath is worshipped as Adibuddha.

Among 108 forms of lokeswor avalokiteswara is one who refuses to accept Nirvana since he considers such acceptance selfish in view of the ignorance of the great majority of people who have not yet attained that stage. His sacrifice symbolizes infinite compassion (karuna), sharing of mankind’s misery, willingness to help those in distress. He is savior and protector from danger, so, his invocation “OM MANI PADME HUM” is found inscribed on rocks, loose stones, prayer wheels, etc. Avalokiteswara is called Chengresee in Tibet.

Nirvana Buddha
Buddha entering into Nirvana in Kusinagar in 543B.C. in reclining posture after 45 years of untiring efforts in preaching the path to emancipation from the bondage of suffering i.e. Birth, old age,desease and death. Three months before the full moon of the month of Magh, he had announced to the Bhikhhus in Vaisali that he was relinquishing his will to live as his body was already worn out and he would enter into Nirvana (Passing away) in Kusinagar on Baishak full moon day.

The lord of wealth and guardian of the northern direction. He is said to have performed austerities’ for a thousand years, in regard for which Brahma gave immorality and made him the god of wealth, guardian of all the treasures of the earth which he has to distribute according to the destiny of receivers.

Sakyamuni (“The lion of Sakya clan), the son of king Suddhodhana and queen Mayadevi. He was born on 563B.C. at Lumbini, western part of Nepal. He had attained “Bodhi” or knowledge after 6 years in fasting and meditation and then he was called “Buddha” as he was “the enlightened one”. He died at the age of 80 at Kusinagar.

He was the yogi of Tibet of all times. As he was not only a medic ant but also a poet and a composer of thousand and one songs. Later he turned into the life of wandering yogi, and lived in many solitary places, By virtue of the inner mystic heat he was able to endure the coldest weather in only cotton clothing hence his familiar name Milarepa “the cotton clod Mila dwelling at mount Kailasha and lake Mansarovara. He always holds his right hand with a finger extended and the palm turned outside behind his right ear, as if he is listening the echoes of nature. His left hand holds a begging bowl.

 The Life history of Buddha
Siddhartha Gautama was the son of the king Suddhodhan and the queen Mayadevi. One night the queen Mayadevi saw a white elephant in her dream. Later she became pregnant and gave birth to the Siddhartha Gautama. While she gave birth she did not feel any pain. After his birth the Siddhartha walked seven steps and declared that he is the one who has conquered the temptations of the Buddhist and this is his last birth. Prince Siddhartha went outside the palace with his charioteer Chandaka and saw a old man, a sick man suffering from disease and a dead man. Again he saw a monk standing calm, quiet, self-possessed leading a life of strict discipline and spiritual path. He decided to find the knowledge and left palace forever discarding his all royal ornaments and status as a prince. As he cut his hair to become a monk his charioteer Chandaka and his horse Kanthaka were present there. Kanthaka the horse could not believe that he would not see his master ever again and died of a heart attack. Prince did the meditation for many years but did not succeed so he decide to not to eat and drink anything and went for long meditation. He was turned into a skeleton and many demons tried to disturb him but could not succeed. Finally he got enlightment and was called the lord Gautama Buddha, god of peace and knowledge. His first two disciples were the Sariputra and Maudgalyayana. After 45 years of untiring effort in preaching the path to emancipation from the bondage of suffering i.e. birth, old age, disease and the death at the age of eighty he left this suffering world and got the nirvana.

The Wheel of Existence
The wheel of existence is considered an endless life circle of human being. It is believed that to have been drawn first by the Buddha himself. Yama the god of death clutches the whole wheel. In the smallest circle at the centre a pig symbolizing the ignorance, snake symbolizes anger and the cock symbolizes lust. They are biting each other’s tail to show that these evils are inseparably connected. The narrow circle around the innermost circle the light half at the viewers left shows figures ascending to higher levels of existence, the dark half at the right shows figures descending to lower levels. The six main segments of the wheel depict the six world of existence. In the upper half the relatively happier realms of the gods (in the centre), the asuras or demigods (at the right) and human beings (at the left). In the lower half are the more wretched realms of the animals (at the left), pretas (at the right), and those tortured in hells (at the centre).In the outer rim of the wheel twelve scenes depict the chain of cause and effect. 1) Blind women- ignorance, 2)potter-deeds, 3)a monkey- restless consciousness, 4)Two men in a boat- mind and body,5) house with six windows-six senses, 6)a pair of lovers-contact, 7)an arrow piercing the eye of a man- feeling, 8)drinker served by a women- thirst and craving, 9)man gathering fruits-grasping of and clinging to desired objects,10) a marihuana scene- new process of beginning,11) Women giving birth-rebirth in a new existence, 12)man carrying a corpse on his back-death.